Outline some limitations in using radiocarbon dating
The varnish retains its colorless appearance longer than any other common varnish.
It is generally composed of a single resin, such as Dammar or a synthetic type.
Some of the dead-coloring can be made out here and there through abraded paint layers.
It has been remarked that more than one passage in appears unfinished and that this allows us to have a glimpse at Vermeer's underpainting although it is not out of the question that early restoration may be partially responsible for the loss of the uppermost paint layers.
Neither of these two areas is defined according to the artist's habitual standard of finish.Originally a literary term, it was first used in relation to the visual arts in the Renaissance in the writings of Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519).According to da Vinci's theory of Decorum, the gestures which a figure makes must not only demonstrate feelings, but must be appropriate to age, rank, and position.Dammar contains a high percentage of turps, or mineral spirits.This means that it does not form a thick layer like normal varnishes, and is therefore used for bringing out the full wet appearance of the oil paint on a dry ground before resuming painting.
The decorative arts are often categorized in opposition to the "fine arts", namely, painting, drawing, photography and sculpture, which generally are thought to have no function other than to be seen.